Efficient And Clean Cooking For Mozambican Low Income Households – PoA
Why Improved Cooking Stoves?
A quick look on the Mozambique country profile from the Global Alliance for Clean Cookstoves, shows that there is still large proportion of the polpulation relying on solid fuels (firewood and charcoal) for cooking. This poses serious problems including deaths related to indoor air polution, deforestation, and unsafe and expensive cooking fuels and stoves.
|Percentage of population using solid fuels for cooking||96%|
|Number of people affected by HAP||24,195,259|
|Number of households affected by HAP||5,498,923|
|Number of deaths per year from HAP||12,858|
|Number of child deaths per year from HAP||6,373|
|Urban population using solid fuels||88.6%|
|Rural population using solid fuels||95%>|
|Population using wood for cooking||84.0%|
|Population using dung for cooking||0.2%|
|Population using coal for cooking||12.6%|
|Population using kerosene for cooking||0.5%|
|Population using gas for cooking||1.4%|
|Population using electricity for cooking||0.8%|
|Population using other fuels for cooking||0.1%|
Project Details and solutions
The Programme will distribute and monitor the use of at least 250.000 improved biomass cookstoves (wood and charcoal) in Mozambica, with the aim of controlling deforestation and degradation processes of Mozambican forests, reduce the emission of Greenhouse Gases (GHG) and improve the air quality, contributing for better health conditions to users of domestic charcoal and wood stoves. Several types of stoves were identified and some were distributed: Envirofit models (CH2200 charcoal, Econochar charcoal, Econofire wood), Rocket Works, Mbaula stove (a stove with a metal sheet or aluminium with clay based charcoal rest), Zavala stove (clay based charcoal stove) and ACE 1 cookstove.
Currently, there are two projects being implemented under the Programme:
VPA1: The purpose of this Small-Scale Project Activity (VPA) is the dissemination of improved cooking stoves (ICS) in the neighbourhood of 25 de Junho, Bagamoyo, George Dimitrov, Inhagoia, Inhagoia A, Nsalene, Magoanine A, Malhazine and Zimpeto (south) in Maputo, Mozambique. The Project Activity will replace conventional stoves using charcoal fuel with improved stoves using charcoal fuel. Stoves disseminated under this VPA are portable devices serving domestic users.
VPA2: The purpose of this Small-Scale Project Activity (VPA) is the dissemination of improved cooking stoves (ICS) in the neighbourhood of Magoanine, Zimpeto, Albasine, Mahotas, Intaka, Khongolote, 1o de Maio, Muhalaze, Ndlavela.The Project Activity will replace conventional stoves using charcoal fuel with improved stoves using charcoal fuel. Stoves disseminated under this VPA are portable devices serving domestic users. We expect to disseminate under this project 23000 stoves, benefiting 115000 people .